Data-Driven Simultaneous Process Optimization and Adsorbent Selection for Vacuum Pressure Swing Adsorption

Chemical Engineering Research and Design 2022

Technologies for post-combustion carbon capture are essential for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to the atmosphere. However, they are still associated with high costs and energy consumption. Intensified processes for carbon capture have the potential to overcome these challenges due to their higher efficiency, lower capital cost, and increased operational flexibility. This work investigates simultaneous optimization of process conditions and adsorbent selection for a modular Vacuum Pressure-Swing Adsorption system designed for CO2 capture. Both surrogate-based Nonlinear Programming and Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming approaches are applied and compared in terms of computational efficiency and solution accuracy. Moreover, process performance results are examined by applying several data analytics techniques to gain insights into the material-process correlations. Data-driven classifiers and neural networks can accurately predict whether a material is likely to satisfy purity, recovery, and energy constraints when operated at optimal process conditions.

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